It’s no doubt that submarine teams work and live in one of the most unique and challenging environments in the world. With the Royal Australian Navy, C4S researchers are helping to determine what work should look like for submariners on board the new high tech submarines that will be built over the coming decades.

While new technology means greater opportunities for automation, it is important to protect against fatigue and optimise performance. Researchers are attempting to do this by understanding the factors that impact upon submariner endurance. Considerations include submariners’ workload, skill utilisation, circadian entrainment and attentional demands.


Karina Jorritsma
Professor Mark Griffin
Professor Sharon Parker
Alexandra Boeing
Belinda Cham
Dannielle Finnerty